|Alternative Address:||Ringowny/Ringonna, Edgeworthstown; liAughafin, Edgeworthstown|
Resident at Aughafin
|Regiment/Unit:||Leinster Regiment, 2nd Battalion/ [1st Battalion]|
|Date of Death:||27-03-1918|
|Cause:||Killed in action, (Battle of St. Quentin 1918 - Operation Michael), Villiers-Faucon, France|
|Memorial:||Pozieres Memorial, Pozieres, Somme, France.|
Francis was born near Edgeworthstown, likely at Ringowny/Ringonna on the 17 March 1889; he was the third son of Francis and Anne O'Hara. By 1911 Francis was no longer resident in Longford and appears to have been abroad.
Private O'Hara and enlisted in Longford and first entered the war in France on the 19 December 1914, for which he earned the 1914-15 medal. This early enlistment suggests that he may have been either a serving soldier (likely with the 1st Leinsters who were at Faizabad in India until October 1914 and landed at the front on the 20 December 1914); alternatively he may have been a reservist.
Francis was serving with the 2nd Leinsters when they were transferred, on February to the 47th Infantry Brigade under the 16th (Irish) Division, under Gough's Fifth Army. On the 14 March they arrived at Tincourt in the Somme, where they had witnessed such devastation less than two years prior, and then onto Grange Camp where the men celebrated St. Patrick's Day by playing sports. Unfortunately the Allied defences were in poor condition. At 4.45am on the 21 March the Battle of St Quentin commenced and the German attack was ferocious. The Leinsters were initially in reserve at Villiers-Faucon, but were ordered to a trench known as the Brown Line that afternoon. Unfortunately, on the morning of the 22nd, their right flank was compromised when the 66th Division retired and Francis's regiment suffered huge casualites, and forcing repeated retreats. Worse was to come when they retreated to a ridge south-west of Villiers-Faucon, as they were not only in the enemy line of fire, but also in danger from t
|Parents Names:||Son of Francis O'Hara and Anne (née McGarry) of Cranleybeg Edgeworthstown, Co. Longford|
|Notes:||*Please note that the Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) states his date of death as the 27 March, but Army Sources state that it was the 21st, although there was also a very serious action in which the remaining 2nd Leinsters were involved in on the 27th March. This was likely due to human error in a mix-up between a handwritten 1 and 7. Francis's parents in 1911: www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Longford/Coolamber/Ballaghgowla_and_Froghan/584860/|